Coleus is an annual or herbaceous perennial in the mint family with attractive foliage and succulent stems that comes in many colors and provides year-round interest. noun Botany. [6], Coleus amboinicus is native to Southern and Eastern Africa, from South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal) and Swaziland to Angola and Mozambique and north to Kenya and Tanzania, where it grows in woodland or coastal bush, on rocky slopes and loamy or sandy flats at low elevations. Here in sunny southern California, hot noon sun will cause leaf scorch, but in Pacific Northwest, Coleus can be grown in ‘sunnier’ spots because of low sun intensity. Coleus plant occurs in the Southern Hemisphere, in sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar, India and the Indonesian archipelago down to Australia and some Pacific Islands. Although more than one plant species are known commonly as coleus, Coleus Blumei and Coleus X hybridus are the common scientific names that are used to identify species belonging to this group. They are thickly studded with hairs (pubescent), with the lower surface possessing the most numerous glandular hairs, giving a frosted appearance. These plants do not show their best coloration if over fertilized so be conservative and consistent. Coleus adds dramatic leaf color and a diversity of leaf shapes to shady areas, and many new varieties tolerate some sun. The bracts are broadly ovate, 3–4 cm (1.2–1.6 in) long, acute. Plectranthus is considered an herbaceous perennial in its native range. Bright, indirect light is recommended during the initial establishment of fresh cuttings. They grows well in containers if they are given an adequate volume of well-draining soil mix, reasonable nutrients and the proper sun exposure to thrive. Copal played a very important role in the ancient Mayan religion; copal was considered the food of the … Commercial slug bait is available but you can make your own non-toxic slug traps using beer in a shallow saucer. The color change can also be affected by temperature, available sunlight, soil fertility, etc. The variations can be attributed to the methodology used in the extraction process, seasonal variations, soil type, climate, genetic and geographical variations of the plant. Propagation is by stem cuttings, but it can also be grown from seeds. It forms a 3 ft. mound as it grows and it can be used as a tender annual outdoors in a bed or border, in a hanging basket or container. [2][11], The leaves are strongly flavoured and used for stuffings of meat and poultry, beef, lamb and game. any of several tropical Asian or African plants belonging to the genus Coleus, of the mint family, certain species of which are cultivated for their showy, colored foliage and blue flowers. Selecting healthy cuttings with at least one or two leaf nodes is vital and you should also remove the growing tip when first placing the sample in water or your rooting medium. In dry climates the herb grows easily in a well-drained, semi-shaded position. In Hawaii and other humid tropical locations, the plant requires full sun. The petiole is 2–4.5 cm (0.79–1.77 in). The most recent taxonomic treatment of the genus resurr… Keep new cuttings moist and maintain high humidity with misting. However, extreme temperatures over 95 °F are also undesirable. STEP 2: Click the link you shared to unlock, Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy. Plectranthus amboinicus, once recognized as Coleus amboinicus, is a semi-succulent perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae which includes common herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, sage, rosemary, and thyme with a pungent oregano-like flavor and odor. They have some of the most stunningly colored foliage—in combinations of green, yellow, pink, red, maroon, etc. They certainly has the potential to be included in hanging basket arrangements. Container size is a factor as the volume of soil should accommodate substantial rooting by these plants and any other plants that are involved in the design. Jun 16, 2020 - NGB Celebrated 2015 as the Year of the Coleus. Coleus can drink a lot of water. Positive identification of these pests is the first step in proper selection of a treatment program. Relocating the plant, pinching healthy cuttings for re-establishment or removing the plant might be options to consider after appropriate research and consultation. Leaf scorch means too much sun. The seeds (nutlets) are smooth, pale-brown, roundish flattened, c. 0.7 by 0.5 mm (0.028 by 0.020 in). Snipping a small, 2” length of the plans and putting it in a rooting medium or even in water will start the process of new roots being developed. However, complete drying of the soil is not allowed, because this can cause the leaves to fall off. Avoid windy locations as the plants can be prone to breakage in extreme winds. The brown or blighted areas on diseased foliage have an irregular shape and can cause the leaf to twist and drop. Avoid breathing in vapors of the reagents. And they’re easy to grow. 1.99, via Etsy ... Kvapioji cimbžieda Plectranthus amboinicus, Coleus. Filaments are fused below into a tube around the style. This directs the plant to put energy into additional branching and foliage creation instead of flowering, thereby creating a fuller plant. In winter, it should be watered occasionally and gradually; excessive watering can lead to the occurrence of fungal diseases. A circle of diatomaceous earth powder around your plants can make a deadly barrier for slugs to cross as it will puncture their skin and cause them to dehydrate. The primary ornamental feature of these plants is the foliage which can be represented by green, pink, yellow, orange, red, dark maroon (near black), brown, cream and white. Coleus plant also called as Spurflowers, Ascocarydion, Burnatastrum, Capitanya, Dielsia, Englerastrum, Germanea, Holostylon, Isodictyophorus, Leocus, Neomuellera, Perrierastrum, Symphostemon and its scientific name Plectranthus, is a genus of the Lamiaceae family. Observe your plant: when a plant is lacking in foliage color and has weak stems, it means too little light. Garden leave meaning in spanish. Source: Shotaku. Slow release fertilizers with a balanced mix of nutrients are recommended for your containers although half strength liquid fertilizer applied every 2 weeks over the growing season should be sufficient. About the Coleus Blumei Hybrids The Coleus blumei hybrids, the Painted Nettles or going by their less commonly used Latin name, Plectranthus scutellarioides, are traditionally grown as outdoor bedding plants treated as annuals. Ideal for beginner gardeners, they can be grown as perennials in USDA Hardiness Zones 10-11, and as annuals everywhere else.. Members of the mint family, Lamiaceae, plants in the Coleus genus are related to kitchen garden herbs including basil, sage, and marjoram, and they show off their colorful foliage from spring to first frost. : any of a large genus (Coleus) of Old World herbs of the mint family including ones cultivated for their colorful foliage Examples of coleus in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web Some species of coleus were undamaged, as are several species of impatiens and the cupheas look untouched. Cultural information should only be used as a guide, and should be to be adapted to suit you. They are quite pH tolerant except for the extremes of a significantly low (or high) pH. Other Problems. Sowing seeds in at least three inches of growing medium (maintain at 70 °F) is recommended and seeds should be sown on the surface as they require light to germinate. Leaf texture can be quite variable with foliage that may include the features of being large, small, twisted, elongated, scalloped, lobed, finger-like, “duck’s foot” (webbed feet), etc. Plectranthus amboinicus Lour.Coleus aromaticus Benth. Overview Information Coleus is a plant from the mint family. This is one species of coleus with a deep red leaf and bright yellow edges on the upper side of the leaf and a chartreuse underside. Cold, overly damp soils can result in leaf drop and may encourage disease problems. Coleus plant can be grown from seeds. Typically edged in green, the leaves graduate into shades of red, maroon, or pink towards the center. Pour preferably with soft water. While there is some debate as to when it arrived in Europe, Dutch botanist, Karl Ludwig Blume, is credited with naming and introducing the plant in mid 19th century England. Coleus plant also called as Spurflowers, Plectranthus, is a genus of the Lamiaceae family. It is thought to originate in Southeast Asia. [5], CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of October 2020 (, https://www.smgrowers.com/products/plants/plantdisplay.asp?cat_id=14&plant_id=3810&page=9, https://archive.org/details/floramalesiana83stee, https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/51375271, "Technological Evaluation of Emulsions Containing the Volatile Oil from Leaves of Plectranthus Amboinicus Lour", http://eol.org/pages/486424/names/common_names, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coleus_amboinicus&oldid=985610545, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Orégano francés (in Cuba and other Spanish language sources), This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 22:22. Some of the trailing selections are ideal candidates for the edge of an elevated container while larger varieties can be utilized for a strong foliage contribution in the center of the basket. Alcohol is volatile and flammable. n. Any of various plants in the mint family formerly of the genus Coleus, especially Solenostemon scutellarioides and some species in the genus Plectranthus, native to tropical Africa and Asia and widely grown as ornamentals for their multicolored leaves. Leaves dropping off plants, brown blotches on leaves and stunted seedling: all telltale symptoms of downy mildew on coleus. [13] Another analysis obtained thymol (41.3%), carvacrol (13.25%), 1,8-cineole (5.45%), eugenol (4.40%), caryophyllene (4.20%), terpinolene (3.75%), α-pinene (3.20%), β-pinene (2.50%), methyl eugenol (2.10%), and β-phellandrene (1.90%). Coleus amboinicus is widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere in the tropics where it is used as a spice and ornamental plant. a group of cells that will develop into a leaf, seen as small bulges just below the shoot apex. Coleus plant also called as Spurflowers, Ascocarydion, Burnatastrum, Capitanya, Dielsia, Englerastrum, Germanea, Holostylon, Isodictyophorus, Leocus, Neomuellera, Perrierastrum, Symphostemon and its scientific name Plectranthus, is a genus of the Lamiaceae family. Only then can you decide on the cultural methods that best suit you and your plants. Consider the merits of each variety as it relates to foliage color, leaf texture, plant form and of course, what sort of neighboring plants will be involved. Drainage is vital so consider adding additional drainage holes as needed. Winter and summer watering is moderate. Coleus (Solenostemon spp.) • COLEUS (noun) The noun COLEUS has 1 sense:. How to Save a Dying Coleus Plant. The stem is fleshy, about 30–90 cm (12–35 in), either with long rigid hairs (hispidly villous) or densely covered with soft, short and erect hairs (tomentose). The “Kong” series of cultivars are plants with bicolored or tricolored leaves. [7][8][9] From Southern Africa it would have been carried by Arabs and other traders to Arabia, India and Southeast Asia along the Indian Ocean maritime trade routes. Spanish Thyme herb plant VARIEGATED LEAF. [5] The taste of the leaves is described as being similar to the one of oregano, but with a sharp mint-like flavor. The plants were formerly grouped in the genus Coleus, but their taxonomy is contentious and molecular data suggest that the species are distributed across several genera. Coleus, any of several ornamental plants in the mint family (Lamiaceae), grown for the bright colours and patterns of their leaves.