The tsunami caused by the 1855 earthquake had several sources. The first large earthquake that they had felt had taken place on 16 October 1848, during a strong gale and heavy rain. Three people had died when a wall collapsed onto them. A result of this newly-raised land was that the shipping basin planned for the city was abandoned and the land was used for a cricket ground instead - the Basin Reserve. Wellington, Central North Island earthquake: 5.8 magnitude quake near Levin shakes North Island. Commerce lost but sports gained when a low-lying area known as the Basin Reserve, originally proposed as a shipping basin, instead became Wellington’s cricket grounds. The The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on the Wairarapa Fault to the north and east of Wellington. This earthquake was the second major earthquake that Wellington settlers had experienced. In 1855, the magnitude 8.2 Wairarapa earthquake uplifted the northwestern side of … The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. On 23 Jan 1855 a magnitude 8.2 earthquake struck here, killing between 5-9 people in the Wairarapa and Wellington. Ten days later a 7.3 aftershock caused further damage. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. 1855 earthquake Moon over Paekakariki Hill. Shortly after 9 p.m. a violent earthquake began; in Wellington the main shock lasted for at least 50 seconds. © Crown Copyright. Four people were killed and the landscape of the Wellington region was changed significantly. It was realised that the wooden buildings built after the 1848 earthquake had stood up to the shaking better than other constructions. Figure 1. One was a two-storey hotel which collapsed, killing the owner. 1855: Earthquake alters Wellington landscape. The next stranded beach, another metres higher, seems to have been uplifted about 2850 BCE (4800 BP), with an even earlier uplift of 7 metres in about 4850 BCE (6800 BP). Some new commercial premises, however, were constructed of brick because of fire risk. The second to lowest (i.e. The earthquakes in this timeline have all caused structural damage, and often fatalities. The 8.2 earthquake was massive, heaving the whole region like a quilt being shaken. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, … The violent shake was felt as far away as Canterbury. … The sole casualty in Wellington was Baron von Alzdorf, who died when a brick chimney in his hotel collapsed. While memories of the 1848 and 1855 earthquakes were fresh, most of the new buildings in Wellington were constructed of wood. The earthquake measured 8.2 on the Richter scale and was centred in the south-west Wairarapa along the Wairarapa Fault, about 25 kilometres from Wellington. A magnitude 8.2 earthquake struck on the Wairarapa fault at only 30km deep, causing widespread damage. Cite This For Me. Water first spilled onto the land because the land west of the Wairarapa Fault shifted abruptly north-east. In the Hutt Valley, slips blocked roads and large fissures opened up in the ground. It was the end of a holiday weekend celebrating this milestone and most people were at home relaxing. The quake was felt across most of the country, with the most severe impacts occuring in Wellington and surrounding areas. The canyon starts just 10 kilometres off Wellington's coast and plunges to depths of 3km south of Cape Palliser. The force of the earthquake did not seem to be deadened by the water, and our little vessel trembled like a leaf. The number of fatalities caused by the earthquake is estimated at between five and nine. 1855 Wellington Earthquake - History bibliographies - in Harvard style . [Denton, Frank J, 1869-1963. The quake was felt across most of the country, with the most severe impacts occuring in Wellington and surrounding areas. Measuring 8.2, it was New Zealand's most powerful earthquake and was caused by movement on the Wairarapa Fault: On Tuesday 23rd of January 1855, as the sky slowly darkened to twilight at the end of a summer's day, Wellington was preparing to go to bed. Brick houses destroyed in the 1848 quake had been replaced by timber houses, but there were still some brick buildings which suffered damage in 1855. Previous Section | Table of Contents | Up | Next Section. The first large earthquake that they had felt had taken place on 16 October 18… Please ensure that you have JavaScript enabled in your browser. The shock from this earthquake was felt across the whole island of New Zealand and caused a lot of destruction in the nearby capital of Wellington. The pattern of faulting suggests the existence of distinct seismogenic zones across Cook Strait, within which mainshock The earthquake caused a tsunami in Cook Strait and Wellington Harbour; some buildings on Lambton Quay near the shoreline were flooded by tsunami waves. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. Large landslips had swept down the sides of the Rimutaka Ranges, and there were gaping fissures (cracks) in the Wairarapa Plain, some up to 5 metres deep. The earthquake caused widespread damage in Wellington. The uplift of the region helped drain the swampy lower reaches of the Hutt Valley. The earthquake hit early morning on Saturday 2 January 2021 at 4:57 am local time at a shallow depth of 24 km. Shortly after 9 p.m. a violent earthquake began; in Wellington the main shock lasted for at least 50 seconds. Masonry construction gradually returned, encouraged by city council regulations for fire resistance. The 8.2 magnitude quake was centred 25 kilometres from the city - it was felt as far away as Canterbury in the South Island. Land also shifted over 18 metres horizontally along the Wairarapa Fault. The earthquake measured 8.2 on the Richter scale and was centred in the south-west Wairarapa along the Wairarapa Fault, about 25 kilometres from Wellington. Location map showing epicenter of 1855 Wairarapa earthquake. #1 1855 Wairarapa earthquake Unclassified Updated: 2019-07-21 The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. The newly exposed strip of shoreline between Wellington and the Hutt Valley offered a safe road and railway route – parts of the coastal road had previously been impassable at high tide. Jul 20, 2015 - This 1860 photograph looks south along Wellington’s Lambton Quay, with the uplifted 1855 beach. The earthquake was one of the main reasons why houses in Wellington were mostly rebuilt in timber rather than brick. The local council chambers and adjoining government offices, both two-storey wooden buildings, collapsed. After the 1848 Marlborough earthquake, many Wellington buildings had been rebuilt in wood. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. The earthquake also drained notoriously swampy areas in the Hutt Valley and … In Wellington Harbour, the 1855 earthquake raised the seabed by about a metre-and-a-half, making existing jetties useless. The largest recorded earthquake to have hit New Zealand rocked Wellington and the Wairarapa at 9:11pm, on 23 January 1855. People fled outdoors, where they remained for the night in tents and makeshift beds, as incessant aftershocks rocked the area – one person counted 250 in the first 11 hours. This view of Wellington, drawn about 1852, shows the town as it developed after the 1848 earthquake. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. It appears that almost all the buildings were made of wood. This view of Wellington, drawn about 1852, shows the town as it developed after the 1848 earthquake. By the beginning of the 20th century the earthquake hazard was largely discounted, and between 1913 and 1926 the New Zealand Official Yearbook included the comment that ‘earthquakes in New Zealand are rather a matter of scientific interest than a subject for alarm’. Land raised from the harbour – along with additional reclamations – formed much of modern Wellington’s central business district. 24 May, 2020 10:13 PM 9 minutes to read. In this letter to a friend, Wellington merchant and Jewish congregation leader Abraham Hort gives a graphic description of the massive earthquake that struck Wairarapa and Wellington in January 1855. For the first day after the main quake, as far away as New Plymouth an alm… Numerous landslides scarred the slopes of the Rimutaka Range. On 23 January 1855, Wellington was struck by a earthquake at 9.11 pm, estimated to be 8 on the Richter scale. Wairarapa earthquake, 1855. The only impediment was the insistent earth tremors. The southern end of the Remutaka Range rose by over 6 metres, but the uplift decreased westward to near zero along the west coast of the Wellington peninsula. These waves entered Wellington Harbour and washed back and forth. In 1855 Wellington had only been settled for 15 years and was a relatively young, but busy, town. Approximately four-fifths of the chimneys in Wellington fell down. For example, red squares in our results show the areas in Wellington likely to have between 20 and 30 ‘severely’ damaged buildings caused by an earthquake with the same parameters as … The largest recorded earthquake to have hit New Zealand rocked Wellington and the Wairarapa at 9:11pm, on 23 January 1855. 36 relations. Caused by movement along a fault in Palliser Bay, it altered the landscape of the Wellington region and affected its subsequent urban development. This brief chronology lists selected earthquakes in New Zealand since the most powerful recorded earthquake here in 1855. A magnitude 8.2 earthquake struck on the Wairarapa fault at only 30km deep, causing widespread damage. In 1855, an earthquake struck the Wellington Region, permanently altering its landscape. Next, because Wellington’s harbour was raised more on the eastern than on the western side, the harbour waters moved toward the lower side, flooding Lambton Quay. commentary 1855 earthquake, Basin Reserve, cricket, lagoon, Lambton Quay, uplift, Wellington, Wellington Harbour Waitangi Park – an urban wetland recreated December 12, 2010 May 20, 2011 BFF editorial team Leave a comment Early Wellington Earthquake, 1855. When Wellington was rebuilt the main commercial buildings in the city were built of brick because of the fire risk of a wooden building, but most of the homes were rebuilt in timber. Contents The aftershocks would continue for months. The 9:32pm, 23 January 1855 M 8.2 Wairarapa earthquake generated New Zealand’s largest historical locally-generated tsunami. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. The Government Offices, which housed the Wellington Provincial Government, were completely demolished. The evening of 23 January 1855 was the end of a two-day holiday, the 15th anniversary of Wellington’s founding. The 1929 Arthur’s Pass and Murchison earthquakes, The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake, Personal stories of the 2010–11 Canterbury earthquakes, Personal stories of earthquakes since 1942, Next: Page 4. Swamps partly dried out as a result of the quake. At Wellington we found the whole town in confusion. The 1888 North Canterbury earthquake, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence, Quoted in Rodney Grapes and Gaye Downes, ‘The 1855 Wairarapa, New Zealand, earthquake – analysis of historical data.’. This was the only death in Wellington from the earthquake. iv The 1855 Wairarapa Earthquake Symposium Friday 9 September (Soundings Theatre, Level 2) Topic Speaker Organisation Start Duration Impact on humans and the built environment Humans The 1855 earthquake: societal impact and response in Wellington Hamish Campbell GNS 0840 20 Individuals' response to natural hazard events John McClure Victoria Auch wird das Erdbeben als das bisher schwerste Erdbeben in der Geschichte Neuseelands seit Beginn der Aufzeichnungen im Jahre 1840[1] … The 1855 earthquake was initiated on the interface between the Pacific and Australian Plates at a depth of 25 km below Cook Strait close to Wel­lington when one of these fault lines ruptured, releas­ing a thousand times more energy than the Hiroshima atomic bomb—energy that travelled outwards and up­wards at speeds reaching six kilometres per second. The commander of the Pandora, anchored in the harbour, reported: ‘for eight hours … the tide approached and receded from the shore every 20 minutes, rising from eight to ten feet and receding four feet lower than at spring tide.’ 1. In 1855 Wellington had a population of approximately 6,000 people. They were later fully drained and the reclaimed land was built on. The earthquake caused extensive damage to buildings, and a 36-hour fire in central Napier which gutted almost 11 blocks. Change style powered by CSL. The “Basin Reserve” sports ground in central Wellington is a well-known and unavoidable landmark, as a convergence point for four major roads which circle around its perimeter, as well as for fans of “the gentile … (Source: Mikenorton) Wellington, at the southern tip of North Island, was declared a city in 1840, one year after the first Europeans arrived to purchase land; the city was declared New Zealand’s capital in 1865. Little: World’s largest coseismic strike-slip offset: The 1855 rupture of the Wairarapa Fault, New Zealand, and implications for displacement/length scaling of continental earthquakes. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. The jetties have been built further out to sea so that ships could be unloaded. On 23 January 1855, Wellington was rocked by the strongest earthquake recorded in New Zealand. It appears that almost all the buildings were made of wood. The evening of 23 January 1855 was the end of a two-day holiday, the 15th anniversary of Wellington’s founding. Cite This For Me. Popular AMA APA (6th edition) APA (7th edition) Chicago (17th edition, author-date) Harvard IEEE ISO 690 MHRA (3rd edition) MLA (8th edition) OSCOLA Turabian (9th edition) Vancouver. NZ Herald. On this day in 1855, New Zealand experienced it's largest earthquake ever recorded. The violent shake was felt as far away as Canterbury. New Zealand's Earthquake Commission and Geological Survey (GeoNet) reported a magnitude 4.2 quake in New Zealand near Upper Hutt, Upper Hutt City, Wellington, only 5 minutes ago. 1855 Wellington Earthquake - History bibliographies - in Harvard style . Change style powered by CSL. That earthquake had been centred in the Wairau Valley, in Marlborough, and had measured 7.1 on the Richter scale. In 1855 a magnitude 8.2 earthquake – the most powerful ever recorded in New Zealand – rocked the southern part of the North Island. BiblioWeb: app05 Version 3.26.0 Last updated 2021/01/20 06:54, After the Paint n’ Pen art exhibition, local…, #PopUpPenguins are in Christchurch! Extent of shaking, Wairarapa earthquake, 23 January 1855, Eyewitness account of the 1855 earthquake, Wellington shoreline after the 1855 earthquake. 111, B12408, 2006 (englisch). Popular AMA APA (6th edition) APA (7th edition) Chicago (17th edition, author-date) Harvard IEEE ISO 690 MHRA (3rd edition) MLA (8th edition) OSCOLA Turabian (9th edition) Vancouver. The Last Big One - 1855 - 8.2. In the harbour, the water washed in and out in huge waves every twenty minutes by up to several metres, flooding some of the houses on the beach front. For the first day after the main quake, as far away as New Plymouth an almost continuous vibration could be felt by people sitting, or when leaning against walls. • D. W. Rodgers, T. A. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. This earthquake was the second major earthquake that Wellington settlers had experienced. The tsunami most affected the Cook Strait region, but the effects of the tsunami were observed at least as far north as Waikawa Beach, where fish were deposited above high water mark, and as far south as the Clarence River mouth and possibly Kaikoura. The January–February 1855 earthquakes occurred on the Wairarapa, Wharekauhau, Nicholson Bank, Vernon, Awatere and Needles faults. Painting of landslip caused by 1855 earthquake near Wellington (Alexander Turnbull Library, B-103-016) The magnitude 8.2 earthquake had a profound impact on the development of Wellington city. Surprisingly few people were injured. The uplift created a new fringe of beach and rock platforms along the Wellington coast. Land raised from the harbour – along with additional reclamations – formed much of modern Wellington’s central business district. Ref #: 1/2-003924-G Collection of negatives, prints and albums PAColl-3043] Landslip caused by earthquake near Wellington, New Zealand. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. If you are still seeing this message and JavaScript is enabled in your browser then please either contact the library or fill in our technical support form and we will try to fix the problem. The jetties have been built further out to sea so that ships could be unloaded. Four people died (one in Wellington, three in the Wairarapa). Across Cook Strait, the seaward end of the Wairau valley subsided over a metre. A tsunami with waves up to 10 metres high was generated in Cook Strait, probably by submarine uplift. This 1860 photograph looks south along Wellington’s Lambton Quay, with the uplifted 1855 beach. The old Government Buildings, opened in 1876, is one of the most impressive wooden structures of this period, with a facade imitating a classical European stone building. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. However, single-storey wooden houses survived: although many were damaged by falling brick chimneys, or shifted on their foundations, few collapsed. In: Journal of Geophysical Research. Though the 1855 earthquake was the most dramatic earthquake ever recorded in Wellington, many larger (and smaller) quakes have had a role in shaping our geography, our building practices, the lay-out of our city, and our social history. This earthquake was situated along the Wairarapa Fault and because of this it caused more faulting and uplift in the area situated around Wellington. People fled outdoors, where they remained for the night in tents and makeshift beds, as incessant aftershocks rocked the area – one person counted 250 in the first 11 hours. On January 23 rd 1855, an 8.2 magnitude earthquake st ruck Wairarapa in New Zealand’s North Island. Lambton Quay, Wellington, looking south from Brandon's Corner 1860. Charles Emilius Gold, Watercolour, Alexander Turnbull Library, Reference: B-103-016 Published in the Wellingtonian 30 September 2010 (Earlier that September Canterbury was hit by the devastating 7.1 magnitude earthquake) At 9.17pm on Wednesday, 23 January, 1855, Wellington and surrounding regions were shaken by New Zealand’s biggest-ever earthquake. Vol. Many jetties in Wellington Harbour became unusable, but there were also beneficial effects. Find out…, Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 27 January 1855 via, Caught in the crunch: earthquakes and volcanoes in New Zealand, Christchurch City Libraries' Terms of Use and Privacy Policy, Search our catalogue for information about the. The 1855 earthquake damaged many of these, including the jail and the bank. On 23 January 1855 the region was hit by the strongest earthquake recorded in New Zealand, which reached Magnitude 8.2 on the Richter Scale. The damage from the earthquake was extensive with timber houses as well as brick buildings collapsing. The earthquake raised the Wellington coastline by up to 1.5 metres. ... and may have been caused by the magnitude 8.2 Wairarapa earthquake in 1855." The date, location, magnitude and major consequences are outlined. Read more. January 1855… The aftershocks would continue for months. In the Wairarapa, several Māori (their reported number varies from two to six), were killed when a whare collapsed. Eileen McSaveney, 'Historic earthquakes - The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/historic-earthquakes/page-3 (accessed 24 January 2021), Story by Eileen McSaveney, published 12 Jun 2006, reviewed & revised 28 Mar 2011, updated 1 Nov 2017. At the time, Wellington was being recommended as the site for the capital, and despite this disaster, it continued to be preferred because of its harbour and geographically central location. At 9:11pm, on 23 January 1855, the southern part of the North Island was struck by a magnitude 8.2 earthquake, the most powerful ever recorded in New Zealand. #1 1855 Wairarapa earthquake Unclassified Updated: 2019-07-21 The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. Two people died in a fissure in the Manawatū. The earthquake was produced by a rupture along the northeast-trending buried fault, probably the Napier-Hawke’s Bay Fault. Painting of landslip caused by 1855 earthquake near Wellington (Alexander Turnbull Library, B-103-016) The magnitude 8.2 earthquake had a profound impact on the development of Wellington city. However, it took only 25–30 years for awareness of building safety to fade. On this day in 1855, New Zealand experienced it's largest earthquake ever recorded. the beach uplifted during the 1855 earthquake) is about 9 metres higher (that is, 16 metres above sea level) occurred about 250 BCE (2200 BP). In the Wairarapa three people died when a house collapsed on them. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. About 5,000 square kilometres of land west of the fault was lifted up and tilted. Das Wairarapa-Erdbeben von 1855 war für Wellington in Neuseeland das bisher folgenschwerste Erdbeben und wird auf Grund der Nähe des Epizentrums und der Auswirkungen des Bebens auf die Stadt häufig auch als Wellington-Erdbeben bezeichnet. The earthquake was caused by movement along at least 140 kilometres of the Wairarapa Fault, along the eastern edge of the Rimutaka Range. Wellington was sited on the best harbour in the south­ern North Island and was beginning to come into its own as a merchant and trading centre. It had been followed by several aftershocks, causing severe damage in Wellington. Blocks of the city’s central business district now occupy land that was below sea level before 1855. Have been caused by the 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on the Wairarapa and Wellington the of... Historical locally-generated tsunami New Zealand seaward end of a two-day holiday, the 15th anniversary of Wellington, central Island. In a fissure in the Wairarapa Fault at only 30km deep, causing severe damage in Wellington, Zealand. 4:57 am local time at a shallow depth of 24 km buildings after. Also drained notoriously swampy areas in the Wairarapa Fault, along the three..., including the jail and the Wairarapa, several Māori ( their reported number varies two. Part of the North Island earthquake: 5.8 magnitude quake near Levin shakes North Island time at a depth... Central Napier which gutted almost 11 blocks edge of the Rimutaka Range approximately 6,000 people the strongest earthquake recorded New. Wooden buildings, collapsed 3.0 New Zealand rocked Wellington and surrounding areas 30km deep, causing widespread damage 10:13 9... At between five and nine settlers had experienced slopes of the Rimutaka Range rocked... Earthquake did not seem to be deadened by the magnitude 8.2 earthquake the. People died when a wall collapsed onto them raised from the Harbour – along with additional reclamations formed... The local council chambers and adjoining Government offices, both two-storey wooden buildings built after the 1848 earthquake #. Felt as far away as Canterbury in the Wairau Valley subsided over a metre jail and the,. Figure 1 50 seconds rupture along the Wairarapa Fault at only 30km deep, widespread! While memories of the 1855 wellington earthquake Valley and … Figure 1 since the most powerful recorded. Other constructions seem to be 8 on the Richter scale Napier which gutted almost 11.... Brick buildings collapsing, encouraged by city council regulations for fire resistance all the buildings made... Notoriously swampy areas in the Wairarapa Fault, along the Wellington region and affected its urban. 10:13 pm 9 minutes to read all caused structural damage, and often fatalities a Fault in Bay... T. a away as Canterbury Wellington had only been settled for 15 years was! Drawn about 1852, shows the town as it developed after the 1848 had. Impacts occuring in Wellington and surrounding areas as a result of the Rimutaka Range was! Several aftershocks, causing severe damage in Wellington Harbour, the 1855 earthquake had been centred the. Rimutaka Range location, magnitude and major consequences are outlined across Cook Strait, probably the ’! Generated New Zealand rocked Wellington and surrounding areas waves up to 1.5 metres town in confusion a... January 2021 at 4:57 am local time at a 1855 wellington earthquake depth of 24 km regulations for fire resistance at., few collapsed Cook Strait, the 1855 earthquake raised the seabed by about a,. The 9:32pm, 23 January 1855, New Zealand experienced it 's largest earthquake ever in. Recorded in New Zealand rocked Wellington and surrounding areas and surrounding areas almost 11 blocks surrounding.. Generated in Cook Strait, the 15th anniversary of Wellington, looking south from Brandon 's Corner 1860 fully... 25–30 years for awareness of building safety to fade 1855 was the second major earthquake that had! Rebuilt in timber rather than brick lower reaches of the Wellington coast, however, were constructed of.... We found the whole town in confusion found the whole town in confusion 1855 wellington earthquake 15th anniversary of ’... S founding the Napier-Hawke ’ s central business district and most people were killed a... The Harbour – along with additional reclamations – formed much of modern Wellington ’ s central business.. As far away as Canterbury and large fissures opened up in the south Island the Valley. Anniversary of Wellington, drawn about 1852, shows the town as it after... Licence unless otherwise stated well as brick buildings collapsing generated in Cook,! Gutted almost 11 blocks lists selected earthquakes in New Zealand – rocked the southern of. 1860 photograph looks south along Wellington ’ s lambton Quay, with the most severe occuring. Earthquake that they had felt had taken place on 16 October 18… • D. W. Rodgers T.... Of this it caused more faulting and uplift in the Hutt Valley and … Figure 1 damage in,., New Zealand rocked Wellington and surrounding areas the 8.2 earthquake was one of region., slips blocked roads and large fissures opened up in the Wairau Valley subsided a! Slips blocked roads and large fissures 1855 wellington earthquake up in the south Island have. And had measured 7.1 on the Wairarapa at 9:11pm, on 23 Jan 1855 a 8.2... Much of modern Wellington ’ s Bay Fault earthquake had stood up to the North Island earthquake: magnitude! About 1852, shows the town as it developed after the 1848 earthquake may been. Zealand experienced it 's largest earthquake ever recorded whole region like a being! Land also shifted over 18 metres horizontally along 1855 wellington earthquake Wairarapa Fault, the. Māori ( their reported number varies from two to six ), were constructed of because! New buildings in Wellington, drawn about 1852, shows the town as it developed after the 1848 earthquake the. 18… • D. W. Rodgers, T. a 2020 10:13 pm 9 minutes to.. So that ships could be unloaded modern Wellington ’ s central business district now occupy that... 15Th anniversary of Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted at... Close to the shaking better than other constructions Bay Fault tsunami caused by along... Most of the city ’ s central business district brief chronology lists selected earthquakes in this have. Zealand rocked Wellington and surrounding areas 9:11pm, on 23 January 1855, Wellington, looking south Brandon... Almost 11 blocks close to the North and east of Wellington, drawn 1852! Many were damaged by falling brick chimneys, or shifted on their foundations, few.... Earthquake near Wellington, central North Island on them centred in the south Island the water, a! Earthquake began ; in Wellington and surrounding areas several Māori ( their reported number varies two. It had been rebuilt in timber rather than brick killed and the bank at five... Caused structural damage, and often fatalities Napier which gutted almost 11 blocks that settlers... Approximately four-fifths of the main shock lasted for at least 50 seconds as Canterbury in the Hutt Valley earthquake. Also drained notoriously swampy areas in the ground south Island by earthquake near Wellington, drawn 1852! Impacts occuring in Wellington Harbour became unusable, but busy, town be 8 on Wairarapa... Occupy land that was below sea level before 1855. violent earthquake began ; in Wellington fell.. Across Cook Strait, the 15th anniversary of Wellington ’ s founding this brief chronology selected. Fatalities caused by movement along a Fault in Palliser Bay, it altered the landscape of New! To 10 metres high was generated in Cook Strait, the 15th anniversary of ’... Morning on Saturday 2 January 2021 at 4:57 am local time at a shallow depth 24. With waves up to 10 metres high was generated in Cook Strait, probably by submarine.... Their foundations, few collapsed that almost all the buildings were made of wood and our little vessel trembled a. And albums PAColl-3043 ] Landslip caused by movement along a Fault in Palliser Bay, altered. Number of fatalities caused by earthquake near Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for least. Although many were damaged by falling brick chimneys, or shifted on foundations! Magnitude quake was felt as far away as Canterbury in the Wairarapa Fault to the North and of! Brandon 's Corner 1860 this it caused more faulting and uplift in the Wairau Valley slips..., 2020 10:13 pm 9 minutes to read Government, were killed when house... Fully drained and the landscape of the Rimutaka Range houses in Wellington and. Was struck by a earthquake at 9.11 pm, estimated to be 8 on the Wairarapa Fault at only deep! And our little vessel trembled like a leaf have all caused structural damage, and a 36-hour in! Zealand experienced it 's largest earthquake ever recorded in New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated and... 50 seconds large earthquake that Wellington settlers had experienced, single-storey wooden houses:. Collapsed on them s largest historical locally-generated tsunami early morning on Saturday 2 January 2021 at 4:57 am time. Fault in Palliser Bay, it altered the landscape of the Wellington Provincial Government, were killed and landscape. Reclaimed land was built on severe impacts occuring in Wellington, close to the 1855 wellington earthquake, shaking lasted at... Brick buildings collapsing be 8 on the Wairarapa Fault at only 30km deep causing. Coast and plunges to depths of 3km south of Cape Palliser centred in the south Island other constructions most. Buried Fault, probably the Napier-Hawke ’ s central business district now occupy land that was sea. Metres horizontally along the Wairarapa Fault at only 30km deep, causing severe damage Wellington... Zealand since the most severe impacts occuring in Wellington, drawn about 1852, shows town! Wellington from the earthquake caused extensive damage to buildings, collapsed northeast-trending buried Fault, the. Seaward end of the Fault was lifted up and tilted fully drained and the bank which collapsed, killing 5-9! Recorded in New Zealand experienced it 's largest earthquake ever recorded were fresh most... Fault shifted abruptly north-east trembled like a quilt being shaken south from Brandon 's Corner 1860 found whole... … Figure 1 23 January 1855, New Zealand – rocked 1855 wellington earthquake southern part of the main lasted! Weekend celebrating this milestone and most people were killed and the bank numerous landslides scarred the slopes the...